Breakthrough quantum dot hybrid LED is inexpensive and delivers vibrant color

I found some interesting reading material for all you Tech Heads out there.  The University of Hiroshima (Japan) is researching and creating a new LED which is more cost effective.  Who knows,  maybe LEDs' will become more affordable in the near future. Read on for more in depth and technical information. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are prevalent in everything from digital clocks to solar panels, traffic lights, electronic banners and signs, Christmas decorations, as well as smartphone and tablet displays. However, LEDs are created using organic materials that can be costly for researchers. The end result of the manufacturing process is that LEDs cost more for the consumer. While LED lighting systems last longer, are more energy-efficient, and provide an improved color gamut above that of fluorescent lights, the price is the technology’s greatest drawback. A new, cost-effective quantum dot (QD) hybrid LED could enable LED lighting system adoption on a mass scale. University of Hiroshima (Japan) researchers created the new light-emitting diode using silicon quantum dot solution and a polymer solution on top of an indium-tin-oxide (ITO) glass ply that was used as the anode for the LED. The silicon quantum dot solution was placed in the bottom of a glass vial that sat on a rotating stage. It was synthesized through pulsed laser ablation (PLA) with Tokyo Chemical Industry Co.’s 1-octyne solution (10mL) over several eight-hour periods. After the 1-octyne solution was removed and the silicon quantum dots solidified, they were then submerged in either 1) 2-propanol or 2) o-dichlorobenzene. “The color of Si QD solution is a transparent yellow but a white-blue PL is observed during the UV excitation,” the team wrote in its report. The study is the first of its kind to produce silicon quantum dot LEDs by way of a solution-based process and marks an advancement of LED technology, seeing that the use of organic film as the electron transport in past LED production resulted in a decreased photoluminescence and an inaccurate color reproduction. The solution-based process described here was done at room temperature and pressure, resulting in a more cost-efficient process by which to manufacture LEDs. Fluorescent bulbs are cheaper than LEDs, with a box of fluorescent bulbs costing no more than a few dollars, but consume more energy and lead to higher energy bills. LEDs are more expensive up-front, with some costing as high as $70 a piece, but conserve energy and money later on. Quantum dots are nanocrystals that emit light when “excited” based on their size, and, when implemented in QLED TVs, replace red, green, and blue sub-pixels. QLED TVs, like LED lighting systems, cost more up-front than traditional LCD TVs, but are cost-efficient and color-effective. Quantum dot technology, while providing some insight into the future of lighting systems, has also already made its mark in the TV industry. Sony worked with Quantum Dot supplier QD Vision to produce its own QD TVs in 2013 under the “Triluminous” label, but Samsung is one of the major manufacturers now advancing QD technology over OLED with the recent release of its Super Ultra High-Definition TVS (SUHD) and the purchase of Utah-based LED digital billboard and message sign company Yesco Electronics in March. Source:  www.extremetech.com

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